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December 28, 2013 / compassioninpolitics

A quick explanation of securitiziation/threat construction

The following is my posting on a thread about the difference between apocalyptic rhetoric and securitization……..

I think the underlying thesis is pretty much the same. When the aff says current risk associatied with foreign policy bad…lets change that risk via the nation-state based on projections about foreign powers. It is the same core thesis and I think the same core arguments should take them down.

I think earlier posters may have simplified the critique of security.

1) Threats are socially constructed. The way we talk about them is not an objective science

2) Specifically enemies create each other in a escalative spiral (enemies + worst case scenarios = mass death)

3) Worst case scenario constructions always assume intent to use which isn’t necessarily true

4) Securitzing something allows the creep of the nation state & the security state apparatus (read militarism, read toto, etc…)

5) Enemy creation = otherization

The above argument is usually called threat construction or enemy construction (or has been in the past). Although you could certainly call it securitization.

These generally borrow on one or more of the following fields of thinking:

1) Anti-militarism

2) The critique of neo-realism

3) Foucault/Biopower

4) Nietzsche

There is a specific argument out of this line of thinking around the idea of environmental securitization. Its handled in On Security….but other literature as well.

To me the problem comes with the alternative and what that does exactly.

Is it a PIK or does it solve the aff in any way?

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