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June 29, 2013 / compassioninpolitics

Lesson 3: Facts, Warrants, and Values

I. Facts + Explanation

II. The understanding of argument in terms of debate is shaped by the work of Aristotle and Steven Toulmin.

III. Prioties and Values
• What is important to you?
• What are your most cherished values or ideals?
• Maslow’s Hierachy of Needs
• Intrinsic & Extrinsic values
• Deontology & Utilitarianism

IV. Value Hierachies

In a world of scarce time–making these choices is important, very important. Also, some choices we only get to make once. Why do you think they are important? Where do these conflicts exist?

Observations:
• This might be a lot to squeeze into one lesson.
• Also it leaves out the typical time spent on FACT VERSUS POLICY VERSUS VALUE. It might be wise to at least spend 5 to 10 minutes explaining that.
• Policy debate deals with all 3 issues–but knowing what type of claim you are dealing with is important.
The arguable 2 other key areas in policy debate are theory and the role of the ballot.

Whats Next:
V. Value Comparison (and Contrast)

VI.

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